A leader in the Precision Nutrition space, the NRI is developing and applying cutting-edge methods to determine why metabolism and nutrition requirements differ between individuals. We seek to understand nutrient metabolism and its relationship to human development and disease with the goal of increasingly replacing general dietary guidance with more customized nutrition recommendations.
Precision Nutrition Considered in NIH Strategic Plan
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the major funding source for biomedical research in the U.S., and its funding priorities reflect what it perceives to be health issues of major concern. In its recently released 2020-2030 Strategic Plan for NIH Nutrition Research, NIH emphasizes Precision Nutrition as “critical for developing more targeted and effective dietary interventions to improve and maintain health in an increasingly diverse U.S. population.” This growing interest on the part of NIH in funding Precision Nutrition further validates the mission of the NRI.
As a renowned global leader in Precision Nutrition, NRI Director Steven Zeisel, MD, PhD, recently reviewed the state of Precision Nutrition, including our current understanding of its principles and how this understanding can be applied to improve health (Zeisel, 2020). In this review, Dr. Zeisel discusses reasons why people have differing nutritional needs, including genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, the microbiome, and environmental exposures. He also discusses some of the challenges and opportunities presented by widespread adoption and implementation of Precision Nutrition.
- NIH Nutrition Task Force, 2020-2030 Strategic Plan for NIH Nutrition Research, available at https://www.niddk.nih.gov/about-niddk/strategic-plans-reports
- Zeisel, SH (2020). “Precision (Personalized) Nutrition: Understanding Metabolic Heterogeneity.” Annu Rev Food Sci Technol 11: 71-92.
Advanced Approaches to Science
The UNC Nutrition Research Institute (NRI) is an internationally recognized center that conducts innovative basic and translational science studying how individual differences in requirements and responses to diet affect our individual nutritional needs.
We believe that our advances in nutrition science are leading to successes in preventing or mitigating the negative effects of chronic diseases and aging, and in improving human development, even prior to conception.
Identifying the genetic blueprint that makes each of us respond uniquely to nutrition and what it means for our personal health.
Studying chemical marks on genes that turn them on or off, and are often affected by nutrition early and for the rest of life.
Using molecular tools to understand how nutrients may affect the expression of genes.
Measuring thousands of small molecules (metabolites) to better understand how nutrition affects our metabolism, performance and health.
Studying how each of the many microbe species in our gut affects our nutritional health in different ways and makes us respond uniquely to nutrition.
What is Precision Nutrition?
November 14, 2019 – Eating a plant-based diet? You may be low on choline. Standard nutritional advice to cut down on meat and dairy may be stopping us getting enough of an essential nutrient named choline. Should we be worried?
This article was published originally on nutraingredients-usa.com on September 11, 2019. By Stephen Daniels The importance of choline during the first 1,000 days after conception is increasingly understood by the medical community, and dietary supplement manufacturers...
August 20, 2019 – Nearly 35 percent of Americans are considered obese — a diagnosis that has become so common the American Medical Association recognizes it as a chronic disease. While the diagnosis is the same for all, the treatments vary; what works for one person typically doesn’t work for another. In response, researchers from across UNC have joined forces to tackle this ever-growing problem.
July 15, 2019 – In what may be the ultimate affirmation of “you are what you eat,” an innovative Charlotte-area company is merging high-tech genomic testing with personalized nutritional formulations to treat individual medical conditions.
Nutrition Research Institute (NRI) Director Steven Zeisel, MD, PhD, recently presented before the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Nutrition Research Task Force (NRTF). The NRTF was established in October 2016 to coordinate and accelerate progress in nutrition...
June 11, 2019 -Martin Kohlmeier, MD, PhD, director of the Human Research Core at the University of North Carolina’s Nutrition Research Institute, says, “The effect of a disrupted sleep cycle on energy metabolism is real but of modest size. In the end, it’s about the practicalities of food access, convenience, and the time demands of the shift. Planning ahead is your friend.